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77a77e42f9744e5080a22826b3347303 18Juchitan is known for its Day of the Dead celebrations. In any other year, the streets of the city centre are crammed with vendors selling the yellow cempasuchil flowers and fruits that are used in the rituals. This year, the celebrations are much more modest. In the indigenous Zapotec language, which is spoken by most in the city, the traditions surrounding Day of the Dead are called Xandu, a Zapotec adaptation of the Spanish "Todos Santos" ("All Saints Day"). Xandu is celebrated between October 29 and 31. The biguie', the centre of the Xandu rituals, is a shrine that people build in their homes to welcome the dead. But Juchitan was hit hard by the 8.2-magnitude earthquake that shook southern Mexico on September 7, meaning the celebrations have taken on a new meaning.

"Juchitan has completely changed, the dynamic of community life and social life has been cut off," Gaspar Cabrera Manuel, a Catholic missionary who works in Juchitan, told Al Jazeera. "People are focused on rebuilding their own houses and their own lives, and they've had to put other things aside," he said. Thousands still live under tarps, with relatives or in government shelters. Demolition of damaged houses has only just started, and reconstruction is still a long way off.

Read the full story by Simon Schatzberg: Juchitan celebrates Day of the Dead after earthquake

 

juchitan.terremotoShortly before midnight on September 7, an earthquake with a magnitude of 8.1 on the Richter scale—the strongest to hit Mexico in a century—radiated out from its epicenter in the Gulf of Tehuantepec off the country’s southern coast. Indigenous and farming communities in the marginalized states of Oaxaca and Chiapas bore the brunt of the destruction, with 99 deaths in total.

A mere twelve days later, Mexico City residents were busy commemorating the anniversary of the devastating 1985 earthquake when the seismic alarm system sounded, this time in response to a 7.1 magnitude temblor with its epicenter less than 100 miles from the capital. To date the September 19th quake has killed over 300 people and left tens of thousands homeless in Mexico City as well as Mexico State, Puebla, Morelos, and Guerrero.

While news cycles continue to be dominated by delusive coverage of rescue efforts in the capital, distressed communities describe a state of emergency exacerbated by political corruption and opportunistic militarization. The following is a brief overview of the current situation in affected regions, with an emphasis on the perennially overlooked regions of Southeast Mexico.

AAJ 2680On September 7, an 8.1-magnitude earthquake rattled Mexico, shaking people out of their beds from the epicenter in the southern state of Chiapas to Mexico City some 600 miles away. It was the strongest earthquake to hit the country in over a century and has led to 98 deaths to date. Worst hit were the Istmo region of Oaxaca, the mountainous Mixe region in the same state and de coastal region of Chiapas. About 2.5 million people are in need of emergency aid and shelter.

Photographer Jonathan Treat visited the Istmo region days after the earthquake and shares with Educa this photo reporting about the people´s struggle for survival in the communities of San Mateo del Mar, Matías Romero, Rio de Pachiñe, Santa María Xadani and Las Flores: “The ovens that women use to make totopos to sell are destroyed. There are single mothers, and many others with no income now,” explained Edgar Teodoro Galván to Treat. “We don´t know how long we´ll be without homes. Our territory is forgotten. We´re like abandoned orphans. We´ve organized to help each other. But how are we going to rebuild?”

Photo reporting: “What do we do now?" (pdf, 10 pág.)

Versión en espanol

 

http://www.educaoaxaca.org/images/presa_de_jales_fsm.jpgOaxaca. On June 30th authorities belonging to the Ocotlán and Ejutla districts reunited in the community of San Martin de los Cansecos and discussed about the constant pressure and aggresion caused by the mining company Fortuna Silver Mines. On the very same day they toured around the communal areas of San Martin de los Cansecos with other members from San Jose del Progreso observing what has been the caused of the rubble and debri and on what other exploration has been made by the Fortuna Silver Mines company in the communal limits. They varified that the mining company has invaded the communal areas in San Martin de los Cansecos opening gaps and excavating without the authorization of the community. The mining companies are violating the agreements made by the assembly where the community has prohibited exploration and mining exploitation of any kind and this goes against what the Agrarian National Registry wanted. 

https://encuentronortesur.files.wordpress.com/2012/04/mil.jpegSince the beginning of 2017, a new military pact is being developed between the United States, Mexico, and Central America to increase the presence of the US Southern Command on the border of Guatemala and Mexico. This means that for the first time in recent history there would be official operations of the United States Army in Mexican territory. So far there is very little public and official information about it, however, the sum of the available information allows us to conclude that it implies a new wave in the historical military and economic interventionism of the United States in Latin America.

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